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成功组织演讲的小绝招

作者:胡畔   时间:2012-11-22   点击:

How to begin
如何开头

To tell a story (about yourself);
讲个(自己的)故事;

To acknowledge the occasion of the gathering;
对大家能够聚在一起表示感谢;

To pay the listeners a compliment;
称赞一下听众;

To quote ;
引用名人名言;

To use unusual statistics;
使用一些不平常的数据;

To ask the audience a challenging question;
问观众一个挑战性的问题;

To show a video or a slide.
播放录像带或看幻灯片。

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How to close
如何结尾

To repeat your opening;
重复你的开头;

To summarize your presentation;
概括你的演讲;

To close with an anecdote;
以趣事结尾;

To end with a call to action;
以号召行动结尾;

To ask a rhetorical question;
以反问结尾;

To make a statement;
以一个陈述句结尾;

To show an outline of your presentation.
展示演讲大纲。

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How to organize the speech
怎样组织演讲

To have a structure: such as first, second, third; geographically, north, south, east, west; compare and contrasts; our side versus their side; negative and positive;
要有一个结构:可以分一二三点;可以从地理上分东南西北;比较与对比;我方与他方;正面与反面;

To label the materials such as jokes, funny anecdotes, favorite sayings, interesting statistics;
将材料归类整理,如笑话、趣事、名人名言、有趣的数据;

To use notecards;
使用卡片;

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How to use cards
怎样使用卡片

Number your cards on the top right;
在卡片的右上角标上数字;

Write a complete sentence on both your first and last card;
在第一张和最后一张上写上完整的句子;

Write up to five key words on other cards;
其他卡片上最多只能写五个关键词;

Use color to mark the words you want to emphasize;
用颜色来标记你想强调的词;

Remind yourself at a particular sport to check the time.
在某一处提醒自己查看时间。

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nos in public speaking:
演讲切忌:

Talking too rapidly;
语速太快;

Speaking in a monotone;
声音单调;

Using too high a vocal pitch;
声音尖细;

Talking and not saying much;
“谈”得太多,说得太少;

Presenting without enough emotion or passion;
感情不充分;

Talking down to the audience;
对观众采取一种居高临下的姿态;

Using too many "big" words;
夸张的词语使用得太多;

Using abstractions without giving concrete examples;
使用抽象概念而不给出事例加以说明;

Using unfamiliar technical jargon;
使用别人不熟悉的技术术语;

Using slang or profanity;
使用俚语或粗俗语;

Disorganized and rambling performance;
演讲无组织,散乱无序;

Indirect communication i.e. beating around the bush;
说话绕弯子,不切中主题;