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英语专业四级考试(TEM-4)复习资料(一)

作者:王鹏远   时间:2013-04-02   点击:

一、语法部分考查重点

1、虚拟语气的考点为:

would ratherthat从句+一般过去时;

It is vital necessary important urgent imperative desirable advisable natural essentialthat+(should)动词原形;

proposalsuggestionthat+动词原形;

It is timeabout timehigh timethat+一般过去时;

lestthatshould+动词原形;

if onlythatwould+动词原形。

2、状语从句的考点为:

if引导的条件状语从句,此类句子多用at timesprovidedso long asin caseonce等来替代if

even ifsonow thatfor all等引导的让步状语从句;

justhardly...when引导的时间状语从句;more thanas...asnot so much asthe same asas much as等引导的比较状语从句。

3、独立主格结构多以逻辑主语+分词的形式出现。

4、情态动词多与完成时形式连用。

5、定语从句重点考查介词+关系代词(which)和as作为关系代词。

二、词汇部分考查重点

1、动词、名词与介词的搭配如:popularpatientwithyieldsolutionadapttransferaccesstoaccuserequireofchargeforunderdiscussion等等。

2、习惯用法如:confess toset aboutbe used todoingbe supposed tohavemake sb.+do等。

3、由同一动词构成的短语如:comegosetbreak等构成的短语。

4、单个的动词,抽象名词,形容词和副词多以近义词、同义词的形式出现。

5、介词短语在句中作状语如:in terms ofwith the exception ofin vain等,另外还应注意rather thanother thansuch asnonenothingbut等词在考题中的出现。

三、专四重要词组

1.abide by(=be faithful to ; obey)忠于;遵守。
2. be absent from….
缺席,不在
3. absence of mind(=being absent-minded)
心不在焉
4. absorb(=take up the attention of)
吸引的注意力(被动语态)be absorbed i n 全神贯注于be engrossed in ; be lost in ; be rapt in ;be concentrated on ; be focused on ; be centered on
5. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with)
富于,富有 6. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解
7. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)
偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全地,
8. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)
自愿地 , 动地
9. in accord with
一致 . out of one’s accord with ….不一致
10. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)
一致地
11. in accordance with (=in agreement with)
依照,根据
12. on one’s own account 1)
为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益 2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责 3) (=by oneself)依靠自己 on account 赊账; on account of 因为; on no account不论什么原因也不;of …account …..重要性.
13. take…into account(=consider)
...考虑进去
14. give sb. an account of
说明, 解释 (理由)
15. account for (=give an explanation or reason for)
解释, 说明.
16. on account of (=because of)
由于,因为.
17. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)
绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句 子要倒装)
18. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about)
指控,控告
19. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)
习惯于.
20. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of)
了解; (=to have met socially ) 熟悉
21. act on
奉行,按照行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理
22. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to)
使自己适应于
23. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need)
改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)
24. in addition (=besides)
此外, , 加之
25. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)

26. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, pe rsist in, observe, opinion, belief )
粘附; 坚持, 遵循
27. adjacent(=next to, close to)
毗邻的, 临近的
28. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)
调节; 适应;
29. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …
的可能,留有的余地.
30. in advance (before in time)
预告, 事先.
31. to advantage
有利的,使优点更加突出地.
32. have an advantage over
胜过. have the advantage of 由于处于有利条件 have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事
33. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)
利用.
34. agree with
赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意
35. in agreement (with)
同意, 一致
36. ahead of
之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前.
37. in the air 1)
不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中.
38. above all (=especially, most important of all)
尤其是, 最重要的.
39. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether)
总共, 总计
40. after all
毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不; all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎.
41. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account)
考虑到, 估计到 .
42. amount to (=to be equal to)
总计, 等于.
43. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for)
负责.
44. answer to (=conform to)
适合,符合.
45. be anxious about
焦急不安; anxious for
46. apologize to sb. for sth.
道歉
47. appeal to sb. for sth.
为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力
48. apply to sb. for sth.
申请 ; apply for申请; apply to 适用.
49. apply to
有关;适用
50. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right)
赞成, approve vt. 批准
51. arise from(=be caused by)
引起.
52. arrange for sb.sth. to do sth.
安排
53. arrive on
到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方);
54. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done)
为羞耻
55. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.)
保证, 使确信.
56. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join)
, ,
57. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.)
试图做
58. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)
注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料
59. attitude to toward …
的态度.看法
60. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)
..归因于.., 认为....的结果
61. on the average (=on average, on an average)
平均
62. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)
意识到,知道.
63. at the back of (=behind)
后面
64. in the back of
后部(里面); on the back of 后部(外面); be on one’s back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起.
65. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.)
支持,维护; have sb. at one ’s back 支持, 作后台
66. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way)
不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃
67. behind one’s back
背着某人(说坏话)
68. be based on upon
基于
69. on the basis of
根据…, 基础上
70. beat…at
运动项目上打赢
71. begin with
开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语)
72. on behalf of (=as the representative of)
名义
73. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth.sb. to be true)
相信,依赖,信仰.
74. benefit (from)
受益,得到好处.
75. for the benefit of
为了的利益(好处)
76. for the better
好转
77. get the better of (=defeat sb.)
打败, 胜过.
78. by birth
在出生上,论出身,按血统 at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生
79. blame sb. for sth.
责备某人 . blame sth. on sb. 推在某人身上
80. in blossom
开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作)
81. on board
到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机
82. boast of (or about)
吹嘘
83. out of breath
喘不过气来
84. in brief(=in as few words as possible)
简言之
85. in bulk
成批地,不散装的
86. take the floor
起立发言
87. on business
出差办事.
88. be busy with sth.
于某事 be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事
89. last but one
倒数第二.
90. but for (=without)
要不是. 表示假设
91. buy sth. for…money
用多少钱买
92. be capable of
能够, 有能力 be capable of being +过去分词是能够被
93. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost , whatever happens; anyhow)
无论如何
94. in case (=for fear that)
万一;
95. in case of (=in the event of)
如果发生万一 in the case of 至于…, 而言
96. in no case
在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)
97. be cautious of
谨防
98. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on)
把某人的注意力集中在
99. be certain of (=be sure of)
有把握, 一定.
100. for certain of (=for sure )
肯定地,有把握地